By Paul E. Fontenoy
Plane companies: An Illustrated historical past in their effect КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns and WarfareАвтор(ы): Paul FontenoyЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 420ISBN: 1-85109-578-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 9.25 mb speedy Ifolder zero
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Extra resources for Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
The Ryujo’s initial design envisaged a cruiser-type flush-decked hull carrying a long single hangar over the midships three-quarters of its length, topped by a flush flight deck that terminated at the forward end of the hangar. The limitation this concept imposed on the size of the carrier’s air group soon was realized and the design was recast very rapidly by adding a second hangar level, thus doubling the aircraft capacity. The furnace uptakes were trunked to the starboard side and vented through downward inclined stacks; the bridge was located immediately below the forward edge of the flight deck; and the main antiaircraft battery carried in twin mounts sponsoned to just below flight deck level, which gave these weapons excellent sky arcs.
There was much debate about the decision to proceed with a conversion rather than design and construct a new vessel from the keel up. Ultimately, the possibility of completing a conversion within two years at a much lower cost than new construction (which would take five years) prevailed. Even though there was a concern that the ship might be rendered obsolete by rapid advances in carrier design, construction proceeded at a relatively leisurely pace and did not begin until August 1923. The vessel as completed differed appreciably from the original 1920 proposal.
The double hangars were 420 feet long and 60 feet wide under a 625-foot long flight deck. Aircraft capacity was similar to that of the Ryujo at forty-eight machines. The designers, however, failed completely to accomplish this project within the 10,000-ton size limitation applicable to cruisers—the design would actually displace some 17,500 tons. A second effort, “G8,” followed the next year. 1inch weapons in a twin and a triple turret on the forecastle, moved the hangars forward, extended the flight deck to cover the full length of the ship and included a very large overhang at the stern to bring its total length to 850 feet, and proposed a large vertical stack for the furnace gases, for the first time in Japanese carrier design.
Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact by Paul E. Fontenoy