By Lisa J. Green
This authoritative advent to African American English (AAE) is the 1st textbook to examine the grammar as a complete. truly equipped, it describes styles within the sentence constitution, sound procedure, be aware formation and observe use. It examines schooling, speech occasions within the secular and non secular international, and using AAE in literature and the media to create black photos. It comprises routines to accompany every one bankruptcy and is key interpreting for college students in linguistics, schooling, anthropology, African American reviews and literature.
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Additional info for African American English: A Linguistic Introduction
Də n], AspM— V-ed, marks a completed eventuality or an eventuality that is over (occurred in the past). Note: The verbal marker də n is pronounced with an unstressed or weak vowel, which is indicated by the schwa (ə). It is distinguished from the pronunciation of done (in which the vowel is stressed) in the sentences The food is done and She (has) done her homework. 26 African American English (1) *They dən leaving. (2) They dən left. d. be də n [bi dən], AspM— V-ed, (1) marks an eventuality as having ended by some point in the future.
One of the largest categories for slang terms today is that for referring to people. Folb (1980) also reported this ﬁnding in her ethnographic research on the use of specialized vocabulary by adolescent African Americans. The slang terms in (3) are used to refer to females, and those in (4) are used to refer to males: (3) Terms for females a. b. c. d. e. f. g. (4) bopper dime honey hot girl ma shorty wifey Terms for males a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. balla cat cuz dawg (also dog) fool homes hot boy kinfolk mark money player (playa) scrub slick The ﬁrst observation is that the list for females is shorter than that for males.
According to DARE, get over means to succeed, get by or achieve a goal by whatever means necessary and was used exclusively by African Americans in certain areas in the United States (vol. ii, p. 6 In addition, the DARE makes reference to call and response, a rhetorical strategy used in African American church services (overwhelmingly Baptist) in which the congregation responds to the preacher’s call by uttering a short response. This strategy will be discussed in chapter 5, in the section on speech events and African American church services.
African American English: A Linguistic Introduction by Lisa J. Green