Read e-book online Aerodynamics For Naval Aviators PDF

By H. H. Hurt, Jr.

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One additional factor requiring consideration in a comparison of flap types is the aerodynamic twisting moments caused by the flap. Positive camber produces a nose down twisting moment-especially great when large camber is used well aft on the chord (an obvious implication is that flaps are not practical on a flying wing or tailless airplane). The deflection of a flap causes large nose down moments which create important twisting loads on the structure and pitching moments that must be controlled with the horizontal tail.

The thin layer of airflow adjacent to the surface of an airfoil shows reduced local velocities from the effect of skin friction. When at high angles of attack this boundary layer on the upper surface tends to stagnate and come to a stop. If this happens the airflow will separate from the surface and stall occurs. Boundary layer control for high lift applications features various devices to maintain high velocity in the boundary layer to allay separation of the airflow. This control of the boundary layer kinetic energy can be accomplished in two ways.

4&l. 7.................. 600.................. 04 angle of attack indicator allows precision control of the airspeed. ” During a GCA approach, the professional instrument pilot controls airspeed with stick (angle of attack) and rate of descent with power adjustment. Maneuvering flight and certain transient conditions of flight tend to complicate the relationship of angle of attack and airspeed. However, the majority of flight and, certainly, the most critical regime of flight (takeoff, approach, and landing), is conducted in essentially steady flight condition.

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Aerodynamics For Naval Aviators by H. H. Hurt, Jr.

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